Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. Plantations grew tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grains, and fruit. The climate in the Maryland Colony was much warmer than in the New England and Middle Colonies. Fun Facts about Maryland Counties County Names. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. A historical marker for the Mason–Dixon Line. Although it was created as a haven for English Catholics, many of the original settlers were Protestants. In 1649, Maryland passed the Maryland Toleration Act, the first law in the New World designed to encourage religious tolerance. The first settlers of the Maryland Colony included a mix of about 200 Catholics and Protestants who had been promised land grants; they arrived on the ships the Ark and the Dove. maryland fun facts and trivia. Fast Facts: Maryland Colony. Major cities in the Maryland Colony included Baltimore and Annapolis. The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. Tell us in the comments below! Facts about Colonial Virginia 8: the name of the Colonial Virginia. (13 Colonies > Maryland Colony ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. He did this by befriending many members, e. PicFacts. The Lords Baltimore: Establishing Religious Freedom, The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, The Founding of North Carolina Colony and Its Role in the Revolution, Colonial Governments of the Original 13 Colonies. ... Maryland was founded as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary’s City in 1685. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. 40. Parts of the original Maryland Colony eventually became other states as Maryland ceded land that became part of Pennsylvania, and the District of Columbia. Fun Facts. It is ranked as the 42nd largest state in U.S. Interesting Maryland Colony Facts: The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. Cecil's father, George Calvert, had received a royal charter for the land from King Charles I. Lord Baltimore actually lost his proprietary rights and it was some time before his family was able to regain control of Maryland. Judges Wear Red. By 1755, about 40% of Maryland’s population was black. Plantations often included everything they required to be self-sufficient including the main house, slave quarters, a laundry house, smokehouse, a dairy, a blacksmith's shop and several barns. John Smith sailed into Chesapeake Bay and stayed for several weeks to map the shoreline. Maryland takes its noble roots seriously. Natural resources in the Maryland Colony included forests, fish, and good farming land. Maryland is one of the smallest states in the United States, covering only 12,407 sq miles. Maryland Colony Facts: Pre-Revolution. The Act of Toleration was passed in 1649 by Governor William Stone to protect those who believed in Jesus Christ. 1683 - Oxford (founded 1683), gained its prominence in colonial days by being mandated in 1694 by Maryland legislation as the first and only port of entry on the eastern shore. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) The new colony was named Maryland in honor of Henrietta Maria, the queen consort of Charles I. George Calvert had previously been involved in a settlement in Newfoundland but, finding the land inhospitable, hoped this new colony would be a financial success. Native Americans split control of the region before the arrival of Europeans. Paleo-Indians first inhabited what is now the state of Maryland. To know more about these, here are some interesting facts about Maryland. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The Maryland State House in Annapolis is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. Raymond Boyd / Getty Images. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. The first governor of the colony was Cecil Calvert's brother, Leonard. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. Get this Flag. Yet despite of its small size, Maryland leads in other areas. Nicknames given to Maryland over the years include the Free State, and the Old Line State. Although the charter had been originally issued to George Calvert, 1. ... 13 Colonies Facts: Lesson for Kids 3:54 Following the Protestant Reformation, Europe experienced a series of religious wars in the 16th and 17th centuries. The \"America In Miniature\" title also applies to the role Maryland has played in our nation's history, from the founding of the United States to the present. The Maryland Colony became a state on April 28. In this video you can find seven little known facts about Maryland. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government.". Counties by Year. Livestock, fruit, vegetables, corn, tobacco and cotton were some products exported from Colonial Virginia. Maryland has been called \"America in Miniature\" because so much is packed into its 10,460 square miles of land and water. The U.S. State abbreviation/Postal code: Md./MD Nicknames: Free State; Old Line State Origin of name: In honor of Henrietta Maria (queen of Charles I of England) Motto: "Fatti maschii, parole femine" (Manly deeds, womanly words) State symbols: Bird: Baltimore oriole (1947) Cat: Calico (2001) Crustacean: Blue crab (1989) Dinosaur: Astrodon (1998) Dog: Chesapeake Bay Retriever (1964) Fish: Rock fish (1965) Game species: Eastern gra… Colonial Maryland: Home; History; Daily Life; Interesting Facts; Learn More/Bibliography; An interesting fact about Maryland is that one time tobbaco was considered our currency or we used it as money! The name of the colony was taken to honor Queen Elizabeth, the virgin queen. 1-5 Maryland Facts 1. ; 1685 - William Nuthead started the first printing business in St. Mary's City in 1685. Maryland - Maryland - The colony: In 1608 the English explorer Capt. Like other settlements in the New World, the Maryland Colony was established as a religious refuge. When he died, his wife … It is approximately half that today. Interesting Facts One of the original 13 colonies, Maryland lies at the center of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to … The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe. Francis Scott Key, the author of the National anthem was born on September 14, 1814 in Maryland. Interestingly, although the Maryland Colony was ostensibly founded as a refuge for Catholics, only 17 of the original settlers were Catholic. It shares state borders with West Virginia, Virginia, Washington D.C., Pennsylvania and Delaware. Maryland Fun Facts. 41. You can find just about any kind of natural feature here, except a desert. George and Cecil were the only Roman Catholics in the British Empire's history to be given a colony. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. While we continue to feature destinations that make our state wonderful, please take proper precautions or add … The Baltimore Symphony Orchestra was the first orchestra to in the U.S. to have municipal support. Livestock was also commonly raised in the Maryland Colony. However, this act was repealed in 1654 when outright conflict occurred and the Puritans took control of the colony. The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. Many of the counties in Maryland were named for relatives of the Barons Baltimore who were the proprietors of the Maryland colony from its founding in 1634 through 1771. George Calvert had been stripped of his title as Secretary of State in 1625 when he declared his Catholicism. Flag adopted 1904. What's your favorite fun fact about Maryland? That's because water is almost everywhere in Maryland. Facts about Colonial Virginia 7: the important exports. We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. In 1632, he received a charter from King Charles I to found a colony east of the Potomac River. mrnussbaum.com. Multiple categories are supported. The settlers arrived at St. Clement's Island on March 25, 1634, and founded St. Mary's City. It is bordered by Pennsylvania on the north and by Chesapeake Bay and a small piece of Virginia on the south, Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean on the east, West Virginia and Virginia on the west. Here are 36 Interesting Maryland facts. The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. Saint Mary’s County was the first county on August 22, 1666. The Maryland Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Maryland Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Maryland Colony. Major industry in the Maryland Colony included agriculture, iron works, shipbuilding and other manufacturing. Anti-Catholic actions occurred in the colony all the way up until the 18th century. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. The original Maryland Colony encompassed a lot more land than it does today as the state of Maryland. Maryland’s first public television programs were broadcast on October 5, 1969. The Maryland Colony was founded in 1632 after its charter was approved by King Charles I. In Maryland kids are allowed to drink beer! Facts about The Colony Of Maryland. It originally covered approximately 12 million acres. Maryland planters also made extensive use of indentured servants and penal labor. In 1830 the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company built the first railroad station in Baltimore. The rest were Protestant indentured servants. In England, Catholics faced widespread discrimination; for example, they were not allowed to hold public office, and in 1666 they were blamed for the Great Fire of London. Interesting facts about Maryland Maryland is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States . Maryland Fun Facts The United States Naval Academy was founded on October 10, 1845 at Annapolis. Naval Academy is located in Annapolis, Maryland. The early settlements in the Maryland Colony often clustered around its rivers and waterways, in particular those that emptied into Chesapeake Bay. Maryland is … Archaeologists have found artifacts … In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. Charles I, for his part, was to be given a share of the income that the new colony created. The state of Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria, who was the wife of England King Charles I. The Maryland Colony was one of the Southern Colonies which also included the Virginia Colony, the North Colony, the South Carolina Colony, and the Georgia Colony. The red and white design belongs to the Crossland family. In colonial Maryland, some aspects of life were quite the same as they are now: children went to school, while their mothers and fathers worked hard to … Even though Maryland is a small state it has great skiing resorts AND beach resorts. What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke? He also wished to found the colony for economic gain. Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. In 1776 the Maryland Colony signed the Declaration of Independence. It was a proprietary colony of Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore. Although a small state in size, it is the 5th most densely populated U.S. state. However, with an influx of Catholics into Baltimore, laws were once again created to help protect against religious persecution. Although the settlers in the Maryland Colony grew a variety of crops, the major export was tobacco. Maryland Fun Facts and Trivia. Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria of England. Francis Scott Key wrote the words to "The Star-Spangled Banner" after seeing the flag still waving at … The Most Important Inventions of the Industrial Revolution. Baltimore has a history as interesting and diverse as its citizens. It is believed that at … The National Aquarium is located in Baltimore, Maryland. The Court of Appeals of Maryland is the only court in the United States whose judges wear red robes. The black and Gold designs belong to the Calvert family. This made it easier to grow crops year round but the warmer temperatures made it easier for disease to spread. 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